Coughing in toddlers
Nasal saline gel can be used to calm congestion. Saline drops may make it easier to remove mucus from your child's nose. For babies, try a suction bulb or nasal aspirator. If your toddler can blow. Aug 19, · Steam can do wonders for a baby cough, since it helps break up the mucus. Run a hot shower until the bathroom has filled with steam, then sit with your child in the room for 10 to 15 minutes. You can repeat this morning and night. You can also run a cool mist humidifier near baby’s bed overnight to keep the air from drying out.
There are many reasons children develop a cough, and it can be difficult for parents to determine what is causing the cough what does loh yeh moh yeh mean when to see the pediatrician. Typically, a child's cough is nothing to worry about. Every year parents can expect their children to get several colds, especially during the waht and winter months, which can result in coughing as a side effect.
But there are times when it is important to call your child's doctor. To help parents understand the severity of their child's cough and what it may indicate, Michael Lee, M. Here are seven common causes of a child's cough and signs it's time to see a pediatrician. The common cold often produces a wet, productive-sounding cough with mucus or phlegm behind it. Whxt your pediatrician if: Your child's voice becomes hoarse and has a barking, productive cough.
Dough your child has a cold, specific medications are not needed. Keep your child well hydrated, have her blow her nose suction nose for infants and rest as needed. Your child can continue to go to school as long as there is no fever present for 24 hours without medication. Cough and cold medications are not routinely recommended for children. Respiratory syncytial viruscommonly known as RSV, is a specific virus that has similar symptoms to the common cold, but it can be a challenging and even life-threatening virus in infants or young children.
Call your pediatrician if: Your child has labored breathing that is hard and fast. Difficulty breathing may not be something you hear, but something you see.
You may notice your child's chest sinking in and her ribs coming and going with each breath. If you see any of these symptoms, contact your child's doctor immediately.
The most common cause of bronchiolitis is the RSV virus, but other viruses may cause the same symptoms. Bronchiolitis is mainly seen in children 2 years old and younger and causes wheezing and difficulty breathing. Call your pediatrician if: A dry cough evolves into clicking, bubbling or rattling when your child inhales.
Additionally, if your child is todxler labored breathing, it may be time to call your child's doctor. Children will experience Pneumonia symptoms differently than adults, and the symptoms cougy to be very subtle dl pneumonia is typically accompanied by a high fever.
Signs will also vary with age and the fo of the pneumonia. Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting almost one in 10 children — including more than 90, in North Texas, according to the Beyond ABC report. Asthma attacks can come and go and can be triggered by a number of factors, including whhat, cold air, excitement, laughing, roughhousing and exposure to environmental factors, like cigarette smoke and air pollution.
Call your pediatrician if: Your child's cough is accompanied by wheezing, often a high-pitched, whistle-like sound heard typically when exhaling. Croup occurs when the upper airway nose and upper throat swells, which causes a child to work harder to breathe.
Croup typically occurs in fall and winter and affects boys more than girls. A child can have croup at any age, but it happens more often in children under the age of 5. Call your pediatrician if: Coughs associated with croup have a distinctive "barking" sound and are often accompanied by a high-pitched sound when inhaling. Pertussisalso called whooping cough, is a highly contagious illness of the respiratory mucous membrane.
Caused by bacteria, pertussis is easily spread through infected coughs and sneezes, but can be prevented by a series of vaccines. Call your pediatrician if: Your child's cough is marked by a series of short, violent coughs sometimes followed by a high-pitched intake s breath that sounds like whoop. No matter the cause of your child's cough, here are a few cough what is utang na loob in english you can try at home:.
Increase fluids. Increasing fluid intake can help soothe a sore throat and make the mucus in your child's lungs easier to cough up. Rest in an upright position. Plenty of rest will help your child regain her health, but congestion may make it difficult to sleep.
Try elevating the head of the bed by placing a few pillows under the mattress to help your child rest more easily. Consider adding some humidity. A warm bath or shower may help ease your child's breathing, and a cool-mist humidifier in his or her room overnight may also help. Eliminate irritants.
These can include chemical fumes, cigarette smoke and small particles. Most importantly, give over-the-counter medications with care. Cough suppressants can often do more harm than good and are not recommended for children.
However, children may need a dose of over-the-counter medication like acetaminophen for pain or fever. Follow directions carefully. Always contact your child's doctor before giving any over-the-counter medication to a child younger than 6.
If you're concerned about your child's cough, call your pediatrician right away, especially if foe child is working hard to breathe. Stay current on the health insights that make a difference to your children. Sign up for the Children's Health newsletter and have more tips sent directly to your inbox.
Twitter Facebook Linked In Email. Cold The common cold often produces a wet, productive-sounding cough with mucus or phlegm behind it. RSV Respiratory syncytial viruscommonly known as RSV, how to calibrate hygrometer for humidor a specific virus that has similar symptoms to the common cold, but it can be a challenging and even life-threatening virus in infants or young children.
Bronchiolitis The most common cause of bronchiolitis is the RSV virus, but other viruses may cause the same symptoms. Pneumonia Children will experience Pneumonia symptoms differently than adults, and the symptoms tend to be very subtle but pneumonia is typically accompanied by a high fever.
Asthma Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting almost one in 10 children — including more than 90, in North Texas, according to the Beyond ABC report. Croup Croup occurs when the upper cougy nose and upper throat swells, which causes a child to work harder to breathe. Pertussis Pertussisalso called whooping cough, is a highly contagious illness of the respiratory mucous membrane.
How to help a child's cough No matter the cause of your child's cough, here are a few cough treatments you can try at home: 1. Sign Up Stay current on the health insights that make a difference to your children.
How to Decode Baby’s Cough
Call your pediatrician if: Your child's voice becomes hoarse and has a barking, productive cough. If your child has a cold, specific medications are not needed. Keep your child well hydrated, have her blow her nose (suction nose for infants) and rest as needed. Jan 26, · Nighttime coughing in toddlers has many causes. Listening to the sound of the cough and looking for other symptoms can help parents or caregivers determine the underlying reasons. If Author: Danielle Dresden.
Coughing is a natural reflex designed to protect your child's airways from getting blocked. The body coughs to:. Most coughs are caused by the common cold , but there are several other reasons your toddler might have a cough, including allergies , asthma , and a sinus infection. And, of course, if your child ever seems to be having serious trouble breathing, call right away.
A wet cough, also called a productive cough, will typically bring up mucus or phlegm which is a mixture of mucus, debris and cells from the lungs. There are many reasons your child might have a cough. Below are some of the most common causes of coughs, and telltale symptoms to look out for. Remedies: Colds are the most common cause of coughs in children. If your child has a cold:.
Possible cause: Respiratory syncytial virus RSV. What it is: RSV is most common in babies and young children, though children of any age can get it. Usually RSV only causes cold-like symptoms in healthy children. But it can lead to more serious respiratory illnesses, such as bronchiolitis inflammation of the small breathing tubes and pneumonia inflammation of the lungs , especially in babies less than a year old.
RSV usually strikes between November and mid-March. What to do: Most children recover from RSV without treatment, but call the doctor if you suspect that your child may be developing bronchiolitis or pneumonia. You can also try the remedies listed in the common cold section.
What it is: Many cases of pneumonia , an infection in the lungs, start out as a cold. Bronchitis results when the bronchi tubes that carry air to the lungs become infected, often after a cold or flu. It can cause a nagging cough for several weeks. What to do: If your child has symptoms of pneumonia or bronchitis, call his doctor for an appointment.
Your child may need an antibiotic to clear up the infection and cough. If the infection is viral, he'll get better without antibiotics. What it is: Croup is usually caused by an infection of the vocal cords larynx , windpipe trachea , and bronchial tubes bronchi that results in swelling.
Coughing through the swollen vocal chords produces a sound similar to a barking seal. What to do: As horrible as this cough can sound, in most cases it's not too serious and can be treated at home. For more ideas see our article on croup in toddlers and young children. She may want you to bring in your child for an examination. Possible causes: Allergies , asthma , environmental irritants, and sinusitis.
Why : A cough that has persisted for a week or more without any other signs of illness like runny nose, fever, or lethargy or allergies clear discharge could mean that your child has something stuck in his throat or lungs. This scenario is more common among small children who are mobile, have access to small objects, and like to put things in their mouth. What to do: If your child's doctor suspects that a foreign body is causing the cough, she'll order a chest X-ray.
If it shows something trapped in the lungs, the object will have to be removed surgically. Likely cause: Whooping cough , also known as pertussis. What it is: Whooping cough is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection caused by bacteria called Pertussis.
It's become less common thanks to widespread use of the DTaP vaccine , but outbreaks still occur. More than 15, cases were reported in the United States in What to do: If this sounds like what your child has, call his doctor right away.
Whooping cough can be severe, especially in babies younger than a year old. If your child has whooping cough, your doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics.
Some young children need to be hospitalized. Won't play? Click here. What it is: Cystic fibrosis affects about 1 in 3, children in the United States, and a constant cough with thick yellow or green mucus is one of the strongest indications that a child may have inherited the condition. What to do: If a doctor confirms a cystic fibrosis diagnosis, antibiotics are used to treat the accompanying lung infections and various techniques are used to help cough out the thick secretions in the lungs.
Sometimes a child develops a cough from an illness and continues to cough out of habit, even after he's otherwise healthy.
If your child is coughing out of habit, he won't do it while he's sleeping, and it will rarely interfere with his eating or speaking. However, it can be disruptive in a classroom, for example. What to do: Usually, if you wait it out, your child will stop coughing of his own accord. If your child is 4 or older, you can try giving him lozenges or cough drops to distract him from coughing. Even if you think it's just a cold, ask the doctor before giving your child over-the-counter cough or cold medicine.
These medicines are generally not recommended for young children, and the American Academy of Pediatrics says you can treat coughs and colds without them. See our age-by-age guide to children's medicine for more on medication safety. For tips on other ways to soothe your child's cough and cold symptoms, see our article on safe home remedies. Coughs and colds: Medicines or home remedies? American Academy of Pediatrics.
Consolini DM. Cough in children. Merck Manual Consumer version. Patient information: Cough in children the basics.
Karen Miles is a pregnancy and parenting writer and mom of four. Join now to personalize. By Karen Miles. Medically reviewed by Dawn Rosenberg, M. Photo credit: Thinkstock. What causes a cough?
Toddler cough: When to worry Types of cough in children Cough symptoms, and what they mean Cough with stuffy nose Cough with cold and labored breathing Cough with fever and trouble breathing Barking cough, especially at night Cough that won't go away Cough with no other signs of illness Cough followed by "whoop" sound Cough with thick yellow or green mucus Habitual cough Can I give my child cough medicine? The body coughs to: Clear the throat and chest of irritants, such as mucus, dust, or smoke.
Because of inflammation in the airways or lungs from an infection. Toddler cough: When to worry Coughs are common in young children, and usually not dangerous. In general, it's time to call the doctor if your child has a cough and: Is younger than 4 months old Is breathing more rapidly than usual or looks like he's working harder to breathe Is wheezing Is coughing up mucus that's yellow, green, or blood-streaked Refuses to drink anything for a long time Has a fever and is not acting like himself Has a chronic illness, such as heart or lung disease Coughs so hard that he vomits Gets a persistent cough after choking on something Has a cough that doesn't get better after about two weeks.
Dry cough A dry or nonproductive cough does not bring up mucus. Cough symptoms, and what they mean There are many reasons your child might have a cough. Cough with stuffy nose Likely cause: The common cold Other symptoms: Sneezing Watery eyes Little or no appetite Low fever Remedies: Colds are the most common cause of coughs in children.
If your child has a cold: Don't give him medicines to suppress the cough. Coughing is an important way for him to clear his airways. Try honey if child is over 1 year old. You can give him 2 to 5 milliliters of honey or corn syrup to thin the mucus and loosen the cough but never give honey to a child that is under 1 year old because it can cause infant botulism , a rare but potentially fatal illness.
Try mentholated rub on the skin over the chest and neck if your child is over 2 years old. Cough with cold and labored breathing Possible cause: Respiratory syncytial virus RSV What it is: RSV is most common in babies and young children, though children of any age can get it. RSV usually strikes between November and mid-March Other common symptoms if RSV may be leading to bronchiolitis or pneumonia : Worsening cough Wheezing Fast breathing Extreme fatigue Fever Bluish or gray lips and fingernails because of decreased oxygen in the bloodstream What to do: Most children recover from RSV without treatment, but call the doctor if you suspect that your child may be developing bronchiolitis or pneumonia.
Cough with fever and trouble breathing Possible causes: Pneumonia or bronchitis What it is: Many cases of pneumonia , an infection in the lungs, start out as a cold. Other symptoms: body aches chills What to do: If your child has symptoms of pneumonia or bronchitis, call his doctor for an appointment. Barking cough, especially at night Likely cause: Croup What it is: Croup is usually caused by an infection of the vocal cords larynx , windpipe trachea , and bronchial tubes bronchi that results in swelling.
Other symptoms: Cough gets worse at night Stridor a high-pitched whistling sound when your child breathes in. Here are some tips:. Comfort your child to keep him calm and help him breathe better if he wakes up coughing. Keep your child hydrated. Make sure your child is getting plenty of fluids. Elevate her head. If your child is more than a year old, you can try elevating her head a bit while she sleeps, to help ease her cough. Don't use pillows with babies, as this increases the risk of SIDS.
Use a cool-mist humidifier or take your child into a steamy bathroom. This may help reduce swelling of the airways, although it's not scientifically proven. Cough that won't go away Possible causes: Allergies , asthma , environmental irritants, and sinusitis. What they are: Allergies are reactions of the body, such as a hacking dry cough, that are usually caused by an overactive immune system.
Asthma causes the linings of the tubes that carry air to the lungs to become inflamed even if symptoms, that can include a cough, are not present. Environmental irritants can include things like cigarette smoke or pollution. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the lining of the nose and sinuses.
It can be either viral or bacterial.