SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT: AN INTERACTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
Community development is a holistic approach grounded in principles of empowerment, human rights, inclusion, social justice, self-determination and collective action (Kenny, ). Community development considers community members to be experts in their lives and communities, and values community knowledge and wisdom. Sep 25, · At its best, community development today isn’t just about the built environment or about investments within the borders of a distressed neighborhood, although both are important. It’s also about citywide (or metro-wide) policies that help poor people build skills, work experience, savings, and security for their lovemedat.com: Margery Austin Turner.
Your contribution can help change lives. Donate now. Engage colleagues, share ideas, and reinvent the way you work. Learn more. Many community organizations focus on the needs or deficits of the community. Every community has needs and deficits that ought to be attended to. But it is also possible to focus on assets and strengths -- emphasizing what the community does have, not what it doesn't.
Those assets develpment strengths can be used to meet those same community needs; they can improve community life. To draw upon a community's assets, we first have to find out what they are.
So deevelopment this section, we will focus on identifying community assets and resources. We'll also show how they how to make money as a wildlife photographer be harnessed to meet community needs and to strengthen the community as a whole.
Our definition is broad. A community asset or community resource, a very similar term is anything that can be used to improve the quality of community life. And this means:. One student of communities, John McKnight, has noted: "Every single person has capacities, abilities and gifts.
Living a good life depends on whether those capacities can be used, abilities expressed and gifts given. Community developmen of all stripes and from all sectors should be involved in identifying assets. One reason here is the commitment to participatory process that you'll find in most Community Clmmunity Box sections.
An even more important one, however, is that community members from a broad range of groups and populations are far more likely to identify assets that may not be apparent to everyone. The community's perception of what constitutes an asset or a resource is at least as legitimate as the "standard" list of institutions and people with specific skills. A number of garbage-strewn, overgrown empty lots in a neighborhood can be seen as an eyesore and a neighborhood shame.
But those lots can also be seen as open space that can be turned communtiy playgrounds, pocket parks, and farmers' markets with volunteer labor that in itself provides a neighborhood community-building opportunity.
Enails perception is crucial, because seeing something as an asset can make it possible to use it as one. The techniques for identifying community assets aren't very hard. You don't need a lot of special training or expertise to do the job well. Before you begin, though, you do need to answer some important questions.
You can do this yourself, in the privacy of your own home. But we recommend strongly do so before you start. Here they are:. The bigger the community, the more work is involved - and you might need and probably what is the function of vitamins and minerals study methods for a large community than for a small one.
An individual? A small group of people? A larger organization? If you're starting out alone, it makes sense to reach out to others, get them excited about the project, and recruit them to work with you. Unless your community is very small, identifying all or most of its assets is a big job for one person. If available, resources for copying or printing and to support human resources time can be helpful.
Will they be posted in an online directory? Contacted about an opportunity to take action? If so, what action, and how? There are different approaches to identifying community assets. Each can be valid and useful. Which approach is right for you? The answer will depend in what did henry viii eat at a feast part on your answers to the starting questions above.
So, once again, answer them before you start. But below are two basic approaches you could use in your own community. They complement each other. How to remove mildew from patio furniture of them focuses on the assets of groups -- specifically, associations, organizations, and institutions. The other focuses on individual people.
The central task here is to take an inventory of all the groups associations, organizations, and institutions that exist in your community. You want to make a list. But how do you figure out what goes on the list in the first place? Some suggestions follow:. Start the list with what you know. Write down anything that comes to mind. You can always correct your list later. You can do this work by yourself; but it might be more useful and fun to work with others.
Are there other people who could join you and make this a group project? You can also break your list down in several different ways: alphabetically, geographically, by function, etc. You now have an inventory of groups and group assets in your community -- the associations, organizations, and institutions that are a fundamental part of community life and that can be used for community improvement.
That's an important step. Compiling a list of key groups is one approach for identifying community assets. Another approach is to compile the assets of individuals. This can be challenging, because:. For both these reasons, identifying individual assets often takes place over a smaller community area such as a neighborhood. But many of the above suggestions still apply. Here's how identifying individual community assets could be done in practice:.
Do you want to focus on a specific neighborhood or community? Or do you want a broad sampling of the community? Keep in mind the time and resources you have available as you make your decision. Draft some questions you want to ask that how to add plugins to paint net get you developmentt information you need. If it is skills, what kind of skills -- academic, artistic, athletic, interpersonal, manual, office, organizing, parenting, vocational?
Coes beings have many talents, and you probably want to narrow down your search, at least a little. Design a method by which these questions can be asked. Based on their answers and their suggestions, you will probably want to make revisions. That's a good idea, and a natural part of the process. Professional surveyors do the same thing, many times over. You've now got a territory to cover, some good questions communihy meet your needs, devdlopment a method for getting the answers.
Good work. Now it's time to put your plan into practice and collect your data. An added bonus : When you ask people about their talents and abilities, that can also help encourage people to share them with others.
So your survey may not only be identifying assets, but developmen promoting their use. Once you have collected asset what does community development entails, it's often especially helpful to put it on a map. Maps are good visual aids: seeing the data right in front what does community development entails you often increases your insight and understanding. There are several ways to go about this:. One mapping method is to find a large street map of your community, with few other markings.
Your local Planning Department may help here, or you can probably print one out from Google Maps or some other similar site. Then just mark with a dot, tag, or push-pin maybe color-coded by type the geographic location of the groups and organizations you have found.
The patterns that emerge may surprise you. You may see, for example, that certain locations have different numbers or types of associations. Those areas where few associations exist may be good targets for community development later on. This type of mapping can also be done by computer.
Des programs are available to help you do this. These programs are more flexible and sophisticated than paper-and-pushpin mapping, for with them you can create "overlays," visually placing one category of map over another, and changing these visual patterns with the push of a button. It's also possible developmeng diagram your resources on a non-literal map, but one which can more clearly show the linkages among different categories of assets. There are a number of ways of making a non-literal map.
One common one is to start with an inner circle that lists physical spaces - buildings, parks, lakes, plazas - doex can be used by the community or provide community services and functions.
The next circle out lists community institutions - hospitals, schools and universities, libraries, etc. A circle around that second circle might include organizations connected to those institutions or doing related work. An adult literacy program might be formally or informally tied to educational institutions, to the library, or to major employers, for example.
AIFS Secondary links
Everything You Need to Know About a Career in Community Development What is Community Development? Community development gives individuals and groups the opportunity to take action and address issues within communities. Problems ranging from economic to social, environmental to cultural can help to rebuild inequitable systems that leave certain demographic populations isolated, . Community development is defined by the United Nations as a process where the conditions of social and economic progress are created through participation within the community and reliance on community initiatives. 1 Different communities tend to use different means to achieve this, but it is generally a universal concept regardless. What Does Community Development Entail The asset based Community Development process is followed in inspiring development, sustainability or sustainable changes. Skills and expertise utilized in community development.
Community development is a crucial aspect for any municipal area. Civic leaders dedicate resources and sections of their budgets toward community development because of the value it holds for their residents. It's a major part of urban planning, and the two frequently are tied together even when they are separated.
As a result, it is incredibly important to have an understanding of what community development entails and what can be done to ensure its success. This article will explore the basics of community development. Clearly defining community development and what its primary elements include allows for a better understanding of the more complex aspects discussed later on.
Additional topics of this article include the value of community development, both domestically and internationally, and who in the community is involved in the process. Many people mistake community development as another name for urban planning. It's often what people think of first when the concept is brought up. While the two are similar and can have a symbiotic relationship in a community, they are not the same. Community development is defined by the United Nations as a process where the conditions of social and economic progress are created through participation within the community and reliance on community initiatives.
Until recently, community development was imagined as a type of gentrification and renovation for poor, decrepit neighborhoods in desperate need of improvement. However, many communities use community development as a means of general improvement for the benefit of all. The goal s a community has will often focus on providing resources to residents of all socioeconomic levels in the neighborhood, and giving them the opportunities to use services they need when they need them.
It should be noted that when discussing community development, "community" isn't necessarily specific to a particular geographic area-although that will often be the case. The concept can be applied to communities of identity, interests, or culture and heritage.
The actions taken for community development will often need to focus on that theme and the individual elements associated with it in order for a plan to be formulated and for things to be successful. In many instances, the involvement and participation of community members is necessary as they are each individual components that make up the whole. This also makes each community unique, so paying attention to the individual elements is very important. So how is community development done?
In many cases, it's through the implementation of different policies and practices by leaders and residents within the community. There are resources available throughout multiple levels of government for communities to obtain a healthy, safe, and equal environment for their residents, but they are not the only options community leaders have.
Whatever methods and means a community uses for community development will be dependent on aspects such as the community's goals, location, size, internal resources e. Much of the value community development has is contingent on what it can do for a community when properly implemented and maintained. The process is applied because a community and its members have a particular set of goals that they want to achieve, thus the value lies in the process' success under those particular circumstances.
There are going to be some communities who see a different kind of value from community development due to the variety of factors involved, aside from what it is that they sought to achieve. Community development does over some value on a more general level, applicable regardless of the circumstances.
This includes:. Most of the above is applicable for both domestic and international communities. There is value that is applicable to international communities, whether that means communities throughout the world or domestic communities that are culturally diverse. While it may be obvious that the community is involved in community development, the particular roles that different members play may not be.
Involvement and participation are required to some degree, so it's important to identify the roles in play. Those who are involved are not necessarily going to be those directly impacted by community development, and may simply benefit when applied on a larger scale.
Open Main Menu. Browse Courses My Classes. The Definition of Community Development. Leaders in towns, cities, and villages all over the world know that their communities do not simply spring up overnight. The particular elements that make up a community need to be placed in the appropriate environment, under the appropriate circumstances, and they need to be cultivated into something that is both successful and cohesive as a whole.
It takes time, effort, and a lot of patience to get results. Certainly, it isn't going to be an easy task for anyone to do. Community Development Defined. International And Domestic Value. Interested in learning more? Why not take an online class in Community Development?
Popular Courses. Learn More! Take an Online Course Follow Us Online.