5 Ways Adolf Hitler Gained Political Power
Adolf Hitler's rise to power began in Germany in September when Hitler joined the political party then known as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – DAP. The name was changed in to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – NSDAP. It was anti-Marxist and opposed to the democratic post-war government of the Weimar Republic and the Treaty of Versailles, advocating extreme nationalism and Pan-Germanism as well as virulent anti-Semitism. Hitler attained power . After months of negotiations, the president of Germany, Paul von Hindenburg, will appoint Hitler chancellor of Germany in a government seemingly dominated by conservatives on January 30, Hitler stayed in power from until he died by suicide in
How whne Hitler come to power? The process occurred over multiple decades. From there he worked himself up in the party, which later became the Nazi Partythrough charm, violence and cunning negotiations. He was an excellent speaker and surrounded himself with people who, like him, were not afraid to use violence to fulfil their political objectives.
At one stage, Hitler recognized that he was one of the best speakers in the Nazi party and demanded that they make him party leader or he would walk out. They conceded and he became party leader. They considered the German government to be weak and the actions of Bruning, the chancellor only added to the bitterness of the German nation. Thanks to a very successful propaganda campaign focused on the poor and the suffering, the Nazi Party rose from only 12 seats in Reichstag in to becoming the largest party in with seats.
Although the Nazi Party had become very powerful, they lost close to two million votes in the November Reichstag elections, which meant that they only had 33 percent of the vote, and not the majority they needed. Papen, who wanted the position of vice chancellor and thought he could control Hitler, convinced Hindenburg to form a coalition with the Nazis and appoint Hitler as chancellor. Hindenburg finally gave in and appointed Hitler as chancellor. While negotiations were taking place, his large military force was surrounding parliament with the threat of war, should they refuse.
This article is hr of our larger selection of posts about Adolph Hitler. To learn more, click here for our comprehensive guide to the life of Adolph Hitler. Scott Michael Rank, Ph. A historian of the Wben Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator.
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The climax of this rapid growth of the Nazi Party in Bavaria came in an attempt to seize power in the Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch of November , when Hitler and General Erich Ludendorff tried to take advantage of the prevailing confusion and opposition to the Weimar Republic to force the leaders of the Bavarian government and the local army commander to proclaim a national revolution. In the . Adolf Hitler was leader of the Nazi Party who rose to become dictator of Germany. Hitler used his power to orchestrate the deaths of 6 million Jews and millions of others during World War II. August Papen offers Hitler the post of vice-chancellor, but Hitler refuses, accepting nothing less than being chancellor. August Hermann Goring, long a leading Nazi and a link between Hitler and the aristocracy, becomes president of the Reichstag and uses his new power to manipulate events.
Conditions were ripe for the development of such a party. Resentment at the loss of the war and the severity of the peace terms added to the economic woes and brought widespread discontent. Munich was a gathering place for dissatisfied former servicemen and members of the Freikorps , which had been organized in —19 from units of the German army that were unwilling to return to civilian life, and for political plotters against the republic.
Many of these joined the Nazi Party. Conditions were favourable for the growth of the small party, and Hitler was sufficiently astute to take full advantage of them. When he joined the party, he found it ineffective, committed to a program of nationalist and socialist ideas but uncertain of its aims and divided in its leadership. He accepted its program but regarded it as a means to an end. His propaganda and his personal ambition caused friction with the other leaders of the party.
Hitler countered their attempts to curb him by threatening resignation, and because the future of the party depended on his power to organize publicity and to acquire funds, his opponents relented. In July he became their leader with almost unlimited powers. From the first he set out to create a mass movement, whose mystique and power would be sufficient to bind its members in loyalty to him.
The climax of this rapid growth of the Nazi Party in Bavaria came in an attempt to seize power in the Munich Beer Hall Putsch of November , when Hitler and General Erich Ludendorff tried to take advantage of the prevailing confusion and opposition to the Weimar Republic to force the leaders of the Bavarian government and the local army commander to proclaim a national revolution.
In the melee that resulted, the police and the army fired at the advancing marchers, killing a few of them. Hitler was injured, and four policemen were killed. Placed on trial for treason , he characteristically took advantage of the immense publicity afforded to him. He also drew a vital lesson from the Putsch —that the movement must achieve power by legal means. He was sentenced to prison for five years but served only nine months, and those in relative comfort at Landsberg castle. Hitler used the time to dictate the first volume of Mein Kampf , his political autobiography as well as a compendium of his multitudinous ideas.
Moreover, he believed that the state existed to serve the Volk —a mission that to him the Weimar German Republic betrayed. All morality and truth were judged by this criterion: whether it was in accordance with the interest and preservation of the Volk.
Parliamentary democratic government stood doubly condemned. It assumed the equality of individuals that for Hitler did not exist and supposed that what was in the interests of the Volk could be decided by parliamentary procedures. It was the rival Weltanschauung, Marxism which for him embraced social democracy as well as communism , with its insistence on internationalism and economic conflict. Beyond Marxism he believed the greatest enemy of all to be the Jew , who was for Hitler the incarnation of evil.
Its final objective must be the removal of the Jews altogether. After his release, Hitler faced difficulties that had not existed before The republic seemed to have become more respectable. Hitler was forbidden to make speeches, first in Bavaria , then in many other German states these prohibitions remained in force until — Nevertheless, the party grew slowly in numbers, and in Hitler successfully established his position within it against Gregor Strasser , whose followers were primarily in northern Germany.
The advent of the Depression in , however, led to a new period of political instability. The alliance also enabled him to seek support from many of the magnates of business and industry who controlled political funds and were anxious to use them to establish a strong right-wing, antisocialist government. The subsidies Hitler received from the industrialists placed his party on a secure financial footing and enabled him to make effective his emotional appeal to the lower middle class and the unemployed, based on the proclamation of his faith that Germany would awaken from its sufferings to reassert its natural greatness.
But his most important achievement was the establishment of a truly national party with its voters and followers drawn from different classes and religious groups , unique in Germany at the time. Unremitting propaganda , set against the failure of the government to improve conditions during the Depression, produced a steadily mounting electoral strength for the Nazis.
The party became the second largest in the country , rising from 2. In Hitler opposed Hindenburg in the presidential election, capturing The fear of communism and the rejection of the Social Democrats bound them together. On January 30, , Hindenburg offered him the chancellorship of Germany. His cabinet included few Nazis at that point.
After his release from prison, he often went to live on the Obersalzberg, near Berchtesgaden. His income at this time was derived from party funds and from writing for nationalist newspapers. He was largely indifferent to clothes and food but did not eat meat and gave up drinking beer and all other alcohols.
His rather irregular working schedule prevailed. He usually rose late, sometimes dawdled at his desk, and retired late at night. At Berchtesgaden, his half sister Angela Raubal and her two daughters accompanied him.
Hitler became devoted to one of them, Geli, and it seems that his possessive jealousy drove her to suicide in September For weeks Hitler was inconsolable. Some time later Eva Braun , a shop assistant from Munich , became his mistress.
Hitler rarely allowed her to appear in public with him. He would not consider marriage on the grounds that it would hamper his career. Braun was a simple young woman with few intellectual gifts.
Adolf Hitler. Videos Images. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. Learn about the economic crises faced by the Weimar Republic after World War I and the role of chancellor Gustav Stresemann to revive Germany's economy. Watch Adolf Hitler's campaign for chancellor and Joseph Goebbels's role in promoting his propaganda and terror. Adolf Hitler's campaign for chancellor is aided by Joseph Goebbels's promotion of propaganda and terror. Know about Hitler's rise to power as Head of Government.
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