Understand Your Risk for Diabetes
non-modifiable risk factors are: age ethnic background family history of heart disease. Age The older you are, the more likely you are to develop coronary heart disease or to have a cardiac event (angina, heart attack or stroke). Aug 30, · Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for prediabetes. Aim to eat a diet that includes healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, instead of foods with a lot of added sugars. Sugary drinks, sodas, cakes, pies, and candy aren’t the only sources of added sugars.
However, a notable proportion of patients with no previous symptoms and no modifiable risk factors SMuRF-less present with severe myocardial infarction. SMuRF-less patients are often overlooked in the provision of effective and timely care, resulting in preventable complications.
This study aimed to analyze the short-term and long-term clinical outcomes for patients with first presentation STEMI without SMuRFs and those with at least one modifiable risk factor. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days after STEMI, whereas secondary outcomes modifiaable cardiovascular mortality, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. According to study results, SMuRF-less patients had a significantly higher all-cause mortality rate at 30 days after first presentation.
They were also less likely to receive statins, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors ACEIsangiotensin receptor blockade ARBor beta-blockers at discharge.
This study was strengthened by a longitudinal follow-up design as patient data was collected for up to 12 years after episode of STEMI.
Overall, this study provides valuable insight into use of short-term pharmacotherapy during the acute post-infarct period, regardless of perceived risk.
Click to read the study in The Lancet. In-depth [retrospective cohort]: Between Jan 1,and May 25, wgat, 74 patients were assessed for inclusion into the study. Patients with a history of coronary artery disease i. Altogether, 62 patients of which were SMuRF-less were included in the analysis. They were also less likely to receive statins, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors ACEIs or angiotensin receptor blockage ARBand B-blockers upon factofs.
However, the rate of percutaneous coronary intervention was similar between both groups. This was true after adjusting for age, sex, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine, and blood pressure. All rights reserved. No works may be reproduced without expressed written consent from 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. Inquire about licensing here. No article should be construed as medical advice and is what are some good cardio workouts intended as such by the authors or by arf Minute Medicine, Inc.
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Modifiable Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Global estimates of the effect of common modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular disease and mortality are largely based on data from separate studies, using different methodologies. The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study overcomes these limitations by using similar methods to prospectively measure the effect of modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular disease . Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study Lancet. Sep ;() doi: /S(04) Mar 20, · Introduction. In coronary artery disease, targeted strategies against the well recognised modifiable risk factors of diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension, and smoking (known as the standard modifiable cardiovascular risk factors [SMuRFs])1, 2 have led to major improvements in prevention and treatment. However, a clinically significant proportion of patients present with life.
Background: Global estimates of the effect of common modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular disease and mortality are largely based on data from separate studies, using different methodologies.
The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology PURE study overcomes these limitations by using similar methods to prospectively measure the effect of modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular disease and mortality across 21 countries spanning five continents grouped by different economic levels. Methods: In this multinational, prospective cohort study, we examined associations for 14 potentially modifiable risk factors with mortality and cardiovascular disease in participants without a prior history of cardiovascular disease from 21 high-income, middle-income, or low-income countries HICs, MICs, or LICs.
The primary outcomes for this paper were composites of cardiovascular disease events defined as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure and mortality. We describe the prevalence, hazard ratios HRs , and population-attributable fractions PAFs for cardiovascular disease and mortality associated with a cluster of behavioural factors ie, tobacco use, alcohol, diet, physical activity, and sodium intake , metabolic factors ie, lipids, blood pressure, diabetes, obesity , socioeconomic and psychosocial factors ie, education, symptoms of depression , grip strength, and household and ambient pollution.
Associations between risk factors and the outcomes were established using multivariable Cox frailty models and using PAFs for the entire cohort, and also by countries grouped by income level. Findings: Between Jan 6, , and Dec 4, , participants were enrolled and followed up for measurement of risk factors. Interpretation: Most cardiovascular disease cases and deaths can be attributed to a small number of common, modifiable risk factors.
While some factors have extensive global effects eg, hypertension and education , others eg, household air pollution and poor diet vary by a country's economic level. Health policies should focus on risk factors that have the greatest effects on averting cardiovascular disease and death globally, with additional emphasis on risk factors of greatest importance in specific groups of countries. Funding: Full funding sources are listed at the end of the paper see Acknowledgments.
Abstract Background: Global estimates of the effect of common modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular disease and mortality are largely based on data from separate studies, using different methodologies. Publication types Research Support, Non-U.