What to do when your baby cries for "no reason"
As you near the end of your pregnancy, you may worry that your baby's transverse position will cause issues during delivery. Learn more about possible ways to get your transverse baby to turn. Mar 15, †Ј Right now, it's more important than ever to "feel your feelings," writes Ms. Marin, adding that validating your emotions will help you move on more quickly. To get in touch with yourself, try.
What baby? This concept may be a little hard to wrap your head around, but even though you're technically in the first week of pregnancy, you're not quite expecting -- yet.
Here's the deal: Because it's generally impossible to know the exact moment of conception, most healthcare providers count 40 weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period LMP to calculate your due date. According to this method, they date the beginning of "pregnancy" from about two weeks before the sperm penetrates the egg -- which is where you are right now.
Already spotted that pink line on a home pregnancy test? You're further along than you think, so skip ahead to Week 4. So far your baby doesn't exist, but this is the week you ovulate. Your ovary releases a ripened egg ovum into your fallopian tube, where it will patiently await the sperm that have survived the 6- to 8-inch trek through your cervix and uterus. While 75 to million sperm embark on this journey, less than a thousand what is the difference between functional and divisional structure make it past your cervix -- and only one lucky swimmer will have the honor of penetrating the egg at the moment of conception.
Amazingly, your child's sex and all of her inherited genetic characteristics -- such as eye color, hair color, skin, and body type -- have been set since the moment of conception. Your developing baby, now called a zygote, has 46 chromosomes -- 23 from you and 23 from your partner. These chromosomes help determine your baby's sex and traits such as eye and hair color, and, to some extent, personality and intelligence. After fertilization, the ball of cells, now an embryo, will wrap up its journey through the fallopian tube and burrow itself into the wall of your uterus for nourishment -- a process known as implantation.
If you're having multiples, the deed has already been done. Fraternal twins occur when two separate eggs are fertilized by two different sperm and each baby has his own placenta and amniotic sac. If one fertilized egg splits and develops into two fetuses, the result is identical twins. They may share a placenta, but each baby usually has a separate amniotic sac.
So what's going on in your womb this week? Your embryo may be minuscule, but trust us: Super-important developments are already under way. This week the embryo splits into two parts.
One half will become the placenta, a special tissue that delivers must-have nutrients and oxygen to your baby throughout your entire pregnancy. In the other half, the embryo itself continues to grow, and a sheet of cells has just begun to create the neural tube, where your baby's brain, spinal cord and backbone will ultimately form.
This week, your baby's ticker will start beating for the first time! Neither you nor your doctor can hear it yet, but it may be possible to see the movement on an ultrasound. And your little one has been really busy growing! The embryo now has three distinct layers: the outer ectoderm, which will form the nervous system, ears, eyes, inner ear and many connective tissues; the endoderm, or inner layer, which will grow into internal organs like the lungs, intestines and bladder; and the middle mesoderm, which will eventually make way for the heart and circulatory system.
In the weeks to come, the mesoderm will also evolve into bones, muscles, kidneys and reproductive organs. By the end of this week your baby will have tripled in size! His heart is now beating with a regular rhythm. It's still too faint to be picked up by your doctor's stethoscope, but if you have an ultrasound at some point over the next few weeks it will probably be visible as a tiny, pulsing dot in the middle of his mini body.
Fun fact: From now until birthyour child's heart will beat about times a minute -- twice the average adult rate. Also this week, your baby's brain hemispheres are forming -- and brain waves can now be recorded. Your baby is already developing amazingly distinct facial features. Dark spots mark the areas where her eyes and nostrils will be, and a little mouth and ears are starting to form, too.
Your baby's brain is also growing more complex; if you could take a peek, it would be clearly visible inside the transparent skull. In fact, nerve cells in your baby's brain are growing at an amazing rate --cells per minute! And she's started to move in small, jerky motions, although you won't feel these movements how to get your baby to move in the womb about your fourth month of pregnancy. Your baby's growth spurt continues: In the last two weeks he has quadrupled in size.
As he gets bigger, his delicate facial features are becoming more refined, with how long does it take for baby to drop ears, upper lip, and the teeny tip of his nose all clearly visible. His eyelids will also take shape for the first time this week and his heart is growing stronger by the day. Even though you still have to wait another eight weeks to find out if your new addition will be a boy or a girl, this week, your baby gets the goods she'll need to, well, make her own baby one day.
That's right -- reproductive organs are beginning to form now, along with some other key organs, like the pancreas and gallbladder. At this point your baby has doubled in size and her head, which is about half the length of her entire body, is tucked down toward her chest.
Her tiny fingers are growing longer, and the ends are slightly enlarged right now -- this is where those unique fingerprints will ultimately form. Up until now your baby was classified as an embryo, but by the end of this week he will be a fetus and lots of changes are on the way.
Paddle-like, or webbed, hands and feet will now separate into fingers and toes, bones will begin to harden and his kidneys are now producing urine. Most impressive? At this point your baby's brain is developing at astounding rates -- nearlyneurons are forming every minute! The end of the embryonic stage also marks a turning point for development dangers -- your baby is much less susceptible to them now. Did you know your baby can breathe underwater?
She's doing it right now. At weeks 10 and 11, the fetus will start to inhale and exhale small amounts of amniotic fluid, which helps your baby's lungs to grow and develop. Also this week, your how to do a double tie knot ears are scooting up to the sides of his head. Sure, your baby's head is still disproportionally large compared to the rest of his body, but this will even out as he continues to grow and develop in the womb.
As your baby's muscles start to bulk up at this stage, he's getting busy stretching and kicking. When you put your hand on your belly, your baby will likely wiggle in response because his reflexes are starting to develop -- though it's too early to feel his movements.
He'll also start to open and close his fingers, curl his toes, and jerk and kick his arms and legs. Your baby is constantly getting bigger and cuter, and his face is looking more human-like every day.
His ears have moved up from his neck into place and his eyes -- which are looking more and more like your baby blues or browns, or greens -- have moved from the sides of the head to the front of the face. Up until now, his head has been outpacing his body, but now his body is growing faster. His legs still need to grow longer, but this week his arms will lengthen to be proportionate with his body, and he'll be able to stick his thumb in his mouth.
Also by now, all of your baby's essential organs and systems have formed. The roof of your baby's tiny mouth is fully formed now, and her constant sucking reflexes are helping to create full, cherubic cheeks. If you're having a boy, the prostate is forming, and if you're having a girl, her ovaries are moving down into her pelvis. Lanugo, your baby's first ultrafine, how to choose an ereader hair, now covers his back, shoulders, ears, and forehead.
It helps him retain body heat, but once he gains enough fat to do the job, this hair will fall off -- probably before birth. Facial expressions are your baby's newest trick -- he can frown, squint, grimace and wince.
Don't worry -- he's just flexing his facial muscles, not indicating his mood. Your baby's delicate skeleton continues to harden from rubbery cartilage to bone.
Even so, his bones will remain somewhat flexible for an easier trip through the birth canal. The umbilical cord has fully matured with one vein and two arteries that are protected by Wharton's jelly a what does a real tasmanian devil look like substance that makes the cord slippery so it can move freely around your baby.
By the way, if you're having a girl, hundreds of thousands of eggs are forming in her ovaries this week -- your future grandchildren! Finally, your baby's arms, legs, and trunk have caught up to the size of his head. Baby starts plumping up this week, as body fat is deposited under his skin and sweat glands develop.
Also worth noting: The placenta is almost as big as your baby. It provides vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats, and oxygen, along with removing waste and filtering carbon dioxide. Do you and your partner talk to your baby?
Well, with the bones and nerves in her ears now developed enough to function, she can hear all sorts of sounds -- including blood coursing through the umbilical cord, your growling tummy, what is a comprehensive final your heartbeat.
In fact, sudden or loud noises may startle her. Go ahead and sing, tell stories or play how to install autocad 2009 on windows 7 for your baby now. Even though your baby doesn't understand what these sounds are now, how to get your baby to move in the womb she'll recognize your voice better than any other. Vernix caseosa begins to coat the skin.
The greasy, cheese-like white coating helps regulate body temperature and protects your baby's skin while it's submerged in amniotic fluid. By the time your baby is born, most of the vernix will be gone.
Your baby's heartbeat is growing stronger now how to wear winter wear it's about twice as fast as yours.
Your baby is as happy as a clam in your womb, as his well-developed limbs continue to explore by curling, flexing, and kicking. And as his hair, nails and eyebrows continue to sprout, your fetus is looking remarkably more and more like Mom and Dad every day. Part of your baby's growth spurt at this point is likely because his stomach is now equipped to start absorbing energy-boosting nutrients from the amniotic fluid he's swallowing in there.
Most of your baby's nourishment is still coming directly from the placenta, though. Your baby's previously see-through skin will now become opaque. However, it will remain wrinkly, red, and covered in vernix until more fat helps to fill it out. Also this week, he's fine-tuning his sense of touch thanks to maturing brain how to check your blood pressure with a cuff and nerve endings. Your baby may experiment with these newfound skills by feeling his face or anything else he can get his hands on.
This week, your baby's eyebrows start growing and hair will start sprouting on the scalp, but this varies -- your baby may grow a thick head of dark hair or he may enter the world bald. Billions of brain cells will develop in your baby's brain over the next couple of weeks.
These will control all of your baby's movements and sensory, and basic life functions like breathing. Also around this time, some major changes are happening with your baby's lungs. Surfactant is being produced, a substance that enables the air sacs to inflate and the lungs to fully expand. What is a gopher snake now he's still breathing amniotic fluid, but when he's born he'll be ready for air.
Something to suck on
The positions of your baby in the womb becomes important as your due date approaches because they should be in the best position for delivery. As your baby grows, they may move around a bunch. In. If youТre doing a daily kick count with baby (i.e., recording how often they move within an hour during the same time of day each day), count each hiccup as a movement too. After all, according to Brown, hiccups in the womb are Уone of the most common fetal movements.Ф. Your baby's hanging out, enjoying her last few weeks of snuggly comfort in your womb. However, if she were born today, she would still be considered a full-term infant.
When the coronavirus pandemic began, we were figuring out how to stay safe, how to stay home and how this was going to affect our lives in the long run. Now that we have better answers to many of these questions, new ones have surfaced. How can I stay healthy while interacting with others? How can I prevent the spread of this disease? How can I explain this to my kids? Simply, how can I live in this new normal? Vaccines are rolling out to health workers now and will reach the rest of us by spring, with the timelines varying a bit by state.
We know you have more questions about the vaccines. So, we have added some basic answers below, and you can find a more comprehensive list here. Read More Coronavirus Vaccine Tracker.
People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins found in the blood made in response to an infection. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. The real problem is that your antibody test may be inaccurate, according to guidelines issued in September by a major medical society. Some tests look for the wrong antibodies and even the right antibodies may fade away.
But Not for Long. Cases have increased rather steadily since November, which saw four million new cases in that month alone, climaxing on Jan. Even with dips in new cases later this winter, the numbers are still far above those from before November. Across the country, the overall Covid risk level is far worse now than ever before, according to coronavirus cases and testing data analyzed by The Times and public health experts.
Right now, residents of most U. A county is considered to be at an extremely high risk level if it either reports more than cases per , people during the past two weeks or has more than 10 percent of test results reported as positive.
And while cases have fallen from their record highs in January, an average of more than 3, daily deaths from the virus were reported that month.
Go to this search bar to look up your county's risk level and to get suggestions about what to do to stay safe. Makes you want to throw on a mask, huh? As in other years, tens of thousands of people are expected to die from the flu this year.
A point of comparison: Covid has a fatality rate at least 10 times that of the flu. What we know about the flu, which has that same rubbery membrane coat, can inform us about the dangers and precautions we should take against Covid Comparing the two, Dr.
So far, more than , people have died in the U. In addition to prime winter conditions for the virus, people across the country are also experiencing pandemic fatigue. Or as Dr. Stanley M. So what to do? If you are indoors, wear a mask, keep the recommended six feet distance from people outside your immediate household whenever possible, try to limit your time inside to only places with good ventilation, open windows when you can and crank the heat, if necessary.
Humidifiers are also strongly recommended. An umbrella over the barbecue? Not a problem, Mr. Burkeman said. Eating ice cream in your fleeces? Still yum. The Brits always do. Another dose of relief was approved for the millions of Americans facing financial distress because of the coronavirus pandemic. The legislative package provides welcome, albeit temporary, assistance to many , some of whom have already received stimulus checks and heartier and lengthened unemployment payments, but the package has also been criticized for being too little too late.
President Biden promised additional aid, urging a third relief package. The answer really depends on where you live: how bad the outbreak is in your geographic area and how strict local officials are being to keep the number of cases down. Some school districts have remained virtual, while others have fully reopened classrooms or have remained on a hybrid schedule. But across the country, the colder weather is starting to make it harder to keep students safe, as cases tick up and schools that have reopened shut back down.
In October, New York City, which had previously implemented a hybrid schedule, was the first big city to reopen all of its public schools Ч then quickly announced an immediate and indefinite shutdown in November. A few days later, however, the city announced a return to in-person education, and the tapering off of hybrid learning.
Do you have whiplash yet? And the start to has caused only more uncertainty. Currently, only younger students and those with complex disabilities Ч making up about , of the some 1. Middle and high school students, who were welcomed to the classroom for just a few weeks this fall, have no set date to return. This winter, more large cities have forged ahead, while others have remained remote.
In Miami-Dade County and Houston all students through high school returned to the classroom in October. But after Covid rates surged across California this fall, schools in several counties hit the brakes. The first students in Los Angeles began returning to the classroom in November, as schools serving kindergartners through second graders applied for county-approved health waivers to teach in areas with high infection rates. By the end of January, all students in San Diego are slated to return at least a few days a week.
But San Francisco schools remain shuttered, with hopes of reopening in January dashed amidst high rates across the state. In an open letter published in January, 30 medical professionals from the University of California, San Francisco, urged the reopening of schools across the state by Feb. As of mid-January, the vast majority of states Ч including New York Ч had handed off the decision-making for school openings to local districts, according to data pulled by Education Week, a news organization covering K Only Puerto Rico and Washington, D.
In contrast, four states Ч Texas, Florida, Arkansas and Iowa Ч require schools to offer at least some in-person instruction. See Education Week's up-to-date map showing school openings by state. For more information about schools, keep scrolling to our section on Schools. Essential workers were never able to stay home and many of the rest of us might already be back in the office Ч in August, a survey by LinkedIn and Censuswide found that more than two-thirds of offices in the U.
Another survey of workers this one by Wakefield Research and commissioned by Envoy, a workplace technology company shows widespread hesitancy to return to the office. Even as cases rise, some workplaces are adamant about an in-person return Ч complete with contactless entries, limited elevator usage, plexiglass dividers, alternating schedules, frequent temperature readings and requirements to wear masks and social distance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have also posted guidelines for promoting the use of facemasks, taking daily health surveys, disclosing symptoms and determining how employees may have been exposed at work.
And the C. For others, this all still seems pretty far out. While the exact order of vaccine recipients may vary by state, most have put medical workers and residents of long-term care facilities first, with older people and those with certain health problems ahead of younger, healthier populations.
If you want to understand how this decision is getting made, this article will help. Life will return to normal only when society as a whole gains enough protection against the coronavirus. The unvaccinated majority will still remain vulnerable to getting infected. A growing number of coronavirus vaccines are showing robust protection against becoming sick. So for the time being, even vaccinated people will need to wear masks, avoid indoor crowds and so on.
Once enough people get vaccinated, it will become very difficult for the coronavirus to find vulnerable people to infect Ч this is known as herd immunity.
In a candid press conference in January Dr. Read More U. Yes, but not forever. The vaccines clearly protect people from getting sick with Covid But the clinical trials that delivered these results were not designed to determine whether vaccinated people could still spread the coronavirus without developing symptoms.
Researchers will be intensely studying this question as the vaccines roll out. In the meantime, even vaccinated people will need to think of themselves as possible spreaders. The Pfizer and BioNTech vaccine is delivered as a shot in the arm, like other typical vaccines. Tens of thousands of people have already received the vaccines. While serious allergic reactions are rare, they have been documented. For instance, 10 minutes after receiving the Pfizer vaccine, a healthcare worker in Alaska had an anaphylactic reaction, and a rash crossed her face and torso.
She also had shortness of breath and an elevated heart rate. And 10 minutes after the same vaccine, another healthcare worker in Alaska experienced eye puffiness, lightheadedness and a scratchy throat, but after medical treatment he was back to normal within an hour.
Both workers, who were expected to recover, said they hoped their experiences did not negatively impact the vaccination process, according to the hospital.
The Pfizer vaccine was shown to be safe and about 95 percent effective in a clinical trial involving 44, participants. In some places, people driving through for a shot in the arm have been asked to wait in the parking lot for 15 minutes to monitor for any immediate effects.
More often, some people have felt short-lived discomfort, including aches and flu-like symptoms that last less than a day. The vaccines from Moderna and Pfizer use a genetic molecule to prime the immune system. That molecule, known as mRNA, is eventually destroyed by the body. The mRNA is packaged in an oily bubble that can fuse to a cell, allowing the molecule to slip in.
The cell uses the mRNA to make proteins from the coronavirus, which can stimulate the immune system. At any moment, each of our cells may contain hundreds of thousands of mRNA molecules, which are produced to make proteins of their own.