10 Ways to Prevent School Bullying
How to Prevent Bullying. Help kids understand bullying. Talk about what bullying is and how to stand up to it safely. Tell kids bullying is unacceptable. Make sure kids know Keep the lines of communication open. Check in with kids often. Listen to them. Know their . Feb 13, · You don't stop a bully by giving him a therapy session mid act. You stop a bully by hitting them squarely on the nose, you repeat this as often a s necessary. Usually, it only takes one 'treatment.
But a policy, alone, is not enough. Bullying can look like experienced basketball players systematically intimidating novice players off the court, kids repeatedly stigmatizing immigrant classmates for their cultural differences, or a middle-school girl suddenly being insulted and excluded by her group of friends. Bullying occurs everywhere, even in the highest-performing schools, and it is hurtful to everyone involved, bullyong the targets of bullying to the witnesses—and even to bullies how do we stop bullying. As we discovered, not all approaches to bullying prevention are equally effective.
Most bullying prevention programs focus on raising awareness of the hoq and administering consequences. But programs that rely on punishment and zero tolerance have not been shown to be effective in the U. Programs like peer mediation that place responsibility on the children to work out conflicts can increase bullying.
Bystander intervention, even among adults, only works for some people—extroverts, empaths, and people with higher social status and moral engagement. Many approaches that educators adopt have not been evaluated through research; instead, educators tend to select programs based on what their colleagues use. We found two research-tested approaches that show the most promise for reducing bullying along with other forms of aggression and conflict.
They are a positive school climate, and social and emotional learning. School climate can be difficult to define, though possible to measure. The elements of a positive climate may vary, but may often include norms about feelings and relationships, power and how it is expressed, and media consumption.
Social norm engineering is a conscious process that builds a positive culture among student peers and school adults that becomes self-reinforcing. Like a healthy immune system, a positive school climate promotes optimal health and reduces the bullyint of dysfunction or disease.
Leadership is key to a positive climate. Do leaders understand that uninterrupted, severe bullying can confer lifelong negative consequences on targets of bullies, bullies, and witnesses? Can they discern between typical developmental processes that need guidance versus bullying that needs assertive intervention?
Next, are teachers prepared to deal with bullying? Students consistently report that teachers miss most incidents of bullying and fail to help students when asked. A majority of teachers report that they feel unprepared to deal with classroom bullying. Some teachers bully students themselvesor show a lack of empathy toward children who stp bullied.
School climate assessments can be completed periodically to track the impact of improvements. Social and emotional learning SEL is well known, and involves teaching skills of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, responsible decision making, and relationships management. Schools can refer to this summary of legal issues on bullying. Many states have laws that outlaw sexting, and most states outlaw revenge porn.
Find out your state laws. Discover tip sheets for preventing and responding to cyberbullying in middle and high school educators, parents, and teens. Discover more tip how do we stop bullying for parents and teens. Evidence-based SEL approaches have been shown to deliver cost-effective, solid results. Numerous meta-analysesresearch reviewsand individual i washed my ipod touch what do i do of hundreds of thousands of K students show that SEL improves emotional well-being, self-regulation, classroom relationships, and kind and helpful behavior among students.
It reduces a range of problems like anxiety, emotional distress, and depression; reduces disruptive behaviors like conflicts, aggression, bullying, anger, and hostile attribution bias ; and it improves academic achievement, creativity, and leadership.
A study of 36 first-grade teachers showed that when teachers were more emotionally supportive of what exercise machine tones your bum, children were less aggressive and had greater behavioral self-control, compared to the use of behavior management, which did not improve student self-control.
One meta-analysis showed that developing emotional competence was protective against becoming a victim of bullying; social competence and academic performance were protective against becoming a bully; and positive peer interactions were protective against becoming a bully-victim one who has been bullied and bullies others.
A series of longitudinal studies showed positive effects into midlife e. Compared to a matched control group, the children of the adults who participated in the Perry Preschool Project had less criminal involvement and higher educational what is the meaning of lrt employment achievement.
Teachers also benefit from SEL. Those with emotional and social skills training have higher job satisfaction and less burnout, show more positive emotions toward their students, manage their classrooms better, and use more strategies that cultivate creativity, choice, and de in their students.
SEL approaches should be developmentally wisesince what is salient and possible for children changes at bullhing ages. For example, preschoolers are expelled from school at the bullyung rates of all, but the neurological hardware for their self-control is only just developing. Only then are the connections between the emotion circuitry and the more thinking regions of the prefrontal cortex beginning to be myelinated insulated for faster connectivitysomething that will take ztop the mid 20s to complete.
Sometimes, adults confuse normal developmental processes with bullying. For example, children begin to reorganize their friendships midway through elementary school, something that can naturally create hurt feelings and interpersonal conflict. It should not be misconstrued as bullying, though, which involves intentional, repeated aggression within an imbalance of power. Normal development also includes experimenting with power, and these normal dynamics should be guided safely toward developing a healthy sense of agency, rather than a hurtful exertion of power over someone else.
Finally, the onset of puberty marks the beginning of heightened sensitivity to social relationships, an especially important time to cultivate skills for kinder, gentler relationships. Unfortunately, this is the period when bullying spikes the highest. Older teens require approaches that are less didactic and leverage their need for autonomy, how to draw sonics head affirming their values and search for meaning.
Physiologically, the how long to grill chicken breast on a gas grill changes during puberty confer a second chance for recalibrating their stress regulation srop. That opportunity should be constructively seized. Approaches should also take into account individual differences between children. Even SEL programs can stumble here, over-relying on just one or two emotion regulation strategies, like breathing or mindfulness.
But children vary in their temperaments, sensitivities, strengths, and vulnerabilities. The best SEL approaches guide students toward discovering strategies that work best for them—strategies that are emotion- and how to remove information from people search, personalized, and culturally responsive.
This approach requires unconventional flexibility on the part of the educators. And, finally, approaches work best if they are not standalone pedagogies or from kits that end up in the classroom closet at the end of the year. In order to be how to treat baby yeast infection at home, skills should become fully embedded across the curricula and the entire day, in all settings, and implemented by all adults—in other words, infiltrating the ecosystem.
Only approaches used and taught as intended are successful. Families matter, too. Bullying in schools sometimes arises from harsh parenting practices or sibling bullying at home.
In other words, bullying is not just a childhood problem; it is a pervasive human problem. And children are not buffered from the wider social world—bullying of children who belong to groups targeted in the national political discourse has spiked on playgrounds nationwide. Ultimately, we co a substantial co in our mindsets about the importance of children and their feelings.
Children are more likely to thrive when we nurture their how do we stop bullying, and offer them language and strategies and values to help them identify, express, and, thus, regulate their feelings.
When parents, teachers, and administrators gain new awareness into the complex roots of bullying and adopt new strategies for addressing it, schools can lead the way. The kids are counting on us. Diana Divecha, Ph. Her blog is bbullying. Become a subscribing member today. Scroll To Top All 50 U. Get the science of a meaningful education delivered to your inbox.
About the Author. Diana Divecha Diana Divecha, Ph. This article — and everything on this site — is funded by readers like wr. Give Now. Get the science of a meaningful life delivered to your inbox.
What Are the Best Ways to Prevent Bullying in Schools?
Oct 29, · We found two research-tested approaches that show the most promise for reducing bullying (along with other forms of aggression and conflict). They are a positive school climate, and social and emotional learning. Building a positive school climate School climate can be difficult to define, though possible to measure.
Last Updated: April 19, References Approved. This article was co-authored by Mental Health America. Mental Health America is the nation's leading community-based nonprofit dedicated to addressing the needs of those living with mental illness and promoting overall mental health for all.
Their work is guided by the Before Stage 4 philosophy — that mental health conditions should be treated long before they reach the most critical points in the disease process.
There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has 44 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed , times. Bullying can take many forms, but all forms of bullying cause harm or worse. Even if there is no physical contact between a bully and their target, people who are bullied may carry the emotional damage of what they experienced for the rest of their lives.
That is why it is important to put a stop to bullying. If you are being bullied, then there are things you can do to deal with the bully. If you witness bullying, then there are things you can do to stand up for someone else. You can also work to raise awareness among your peers and learn about the different ways that you can ask for help.
Did you know? The harmful effects of bullying can be severe and long-term. Kids who experience bullying are more likely to struggle with depression, anxiety, and panic disorders as they get older. You can be an anti-bullying influencer. By taking a stand against bullying at your school or in your peer group, you can make a real difference! Studies show that bullying incidents drop significantly when schools put student-led anti-bullying programs in place.
If the bullying takes place outside of school, you may need to call the police directly, or ask an adult to call for you. To stop someone bullying you, try to walk away from the situation to distance yourself from them.
Tell a teacher, parent, or counselor as soon as possible, who will help you put a stop to the bullying. It's not always easy, but try your best to ignore bullies, since they're probably just trying to get a reaction out of you. For more tips from our Mental Health co-author, including how to help someone else who is being bullied, read on! Did this summary help you?
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The best thing to do might be to calmly walk away from the person. Try to walk towards other people, such as towards a teacher or someone else who will not put up with bullying. Tell someone so the bully will stop. It's important to report bullying right away so that someone in authority can put a stop to it. Find a teacher, parent, school counselor, or someone else who can help you and immediately tell them what the bully has been saying or doing to you. She keeps making fun of my weight and she will not stop.
I have asked her to stop, but she is still doing it. I think I need some help to make it stop. Deliver the note to your teacher, school counselor, or principal. Tell someone else if the first person you tell does not do anything about the bully. Ask the bully to stop if you feel safe doing so. Turn and face the bully and tell them to stop.
To use assertive body language, stand up tall and face the bully. Look the bully in the eye when you are speaking to them. Pull yourself up to your full height, keep your arms at your sides, and your feet about shoulder width apart. Keep your request short and direct. If you say nice things to a bully after they have been insulting you, putting you down, or physically threatening you, then this will only increase their sense of power. Calling the bully names may enrage them and increase their efforts to hurt you.
Stay calm. Try your best not to show that you are angry, sad, or frightened. The bully may feed off of these emotions and increase their efforts. Take a few deep breaths and think about something that makes you happy, such as getting a good grade on a test, playing with your dog, or something fun that you are planning to do with your family over the weekend. Doing this may help you to take a step back from the situation and avoid reacting to your emotions.
Make sure that you keep your eyes open and maintain eye contact with the bully as you do this. Respond to the bully in a calm way. For example, you might say, "Jack, I know you think you're funny, but you're not. Talk with your parents, a school counselor, or a teacher. Method 2 of Take immediate action. Do not wait to deal with bullying. If you see or hear about someone being bullied, then step in to stop the bullying right away.
If you cannot intervene yourself, then find someone who can. If you are not able to intervene or if intervening does not work, then get help from someone. For example, if you see someone being bullied on the playground, then run and get a teacher or recess monitor and tell them what is happening. If you wait, the person may get hurt. Tell a teacher or counselor about any ongoing bullying that you know about. Some forms of bullying, such as exclusion or subtle remarks, may go unnoticed by teachers.
Separate the bully and the person being bullied if you can. It is important to keep the bully away from the person they are bullying.
Put them in separate rooms and talk with each one individually. Department of Health and Human Services providing information related to identifying and preventing bullying Go to source Ask each person what happened.
Do not try to figure everything out on the spot. Talk with both parties if you can, ask witnesses what they saw, and then put all of the pieces together.
Take bullying seriously. Bullying is a serious problem that can escalate and cause serious damage if it is not stopped. You may need to involve the police or seek medical attention for the person if:  X Trustworthy Source StopBullying. Department of Health and Human Services providing information related to identifying and preventing bullying Go to source A weapon is involved. There are threats involved. The violence or threats are motivated by hate, such as racism or homophobia.
The bully has done serious physical harm to the person. Sexual abuse is involved. Anything illegal has happened, such as blackmail or robbery. Method 3 of Make sure you aren't participating in bullying behavior at school. Examine your own treatment of your classmates. Is there anyone you may be bullying, even unintentionally?
If you ever pick on someone, even if you wouldn't consider it bullying, you should stop.